Capital: Astana

Largest cities: Almaty, Shymkent, Karagandy

Languages: Kazakh and Russian are spoken by the local population; English is usually used by staff of major tourism companies and hotels.

Currency: the national currency is Tenge (KZT); US Dollars, Euro and other currencies can be easily exchanged in banks and exchange bureaus.


Weather: The best season to travel to Kazakhstan is from March to November, since winter in Kazakhstan is usually cold; however snowy winters might be perfect for winter sports. Temperature in summer can reach up to +40'C and more in some regions. More on weather and climate of Kazakhstan.

Population: major ethnicity is Kazakh; other ethnic groups include Russians, Uzbeks, Tatars, Germans, etc. About 55% of the population is urban.

Food: Kazakh cuisine, Central Asian, Russian cuisines, as well as Italian, Turkish, Korean restaurants. Organic and naturally grown ingredients are used to prepare most meals, which gives the latter an exceptionally rich taste.